Malicious software programs like .Pumas Virus are both very widespread and also really problematic and dangerous mainly because dealing with the consequences of their attack might not always be fully possible no matter what you try. .Pumas is a cryptovirus infection of the Ransomware category. There are other forms of Ransomware such as the screen-lockers and the Leakware, but the cryptoviruses like .Pumas are known to be the most devastating. What they do once they attack a given computer is they scan its hard drives for any files that belong to a predetermined list of file formats. After the initial scan, all of the detected data gets encrypted by the malware’s file-encryption algorithm. This renders the files inaccessible and makes it impossible for the computer’s user to open, use or modify the encrypted data in any way. Once this stage of the infection is over, the malware generates a desktop note or a notepad file inside the directories of the sealed files and within this note, the demands of the hackers who control .Pumas are stated. Usually, the hackers claim that the user will be allowed to regain their access to the sealed files under the condition that they make a ransom payment following the strict money transfer instructions that are usually provided in the ransom note. Many desperate Ransomware victims fall for that and immediately issue the money payment but this is not what we would advise you to do in case you have found yourself in a similar situation. The reason is, you can’t be sure if paying the ransom would really result in the restoration of your files. The hackers might send you the decryption key that you need to recover your data but they might just as easily take the money and leave you with your files locked. This is why, we always try to remind our readers it is better to first try all available alternatives starting with the removal guide for the cryptovirus available down below.
We already mentioned that those threats are really tricky to deal with and this is why, sadly, we can’t promise you full data recovery regardless of what you try. The guide above, especially when combined with the anti-malware tool recommended on this page should be more than enough to help you clean your computer from the infection. However, removing .Pumas is likely not going to directly result in the unlocking of your data. Additional actions need to be taken to achieve that and, unfortunately, there are no surefire universal solutions when it comes to data recovery after a Ransomware attack. As we already mentioned, even paying the money the hackers require doesn’t necessarily mean you will get your files back.
No matter what option you choose to follow, though, removing the cryptovirus is still really important because that will allow you to use your computer in the future without fearing that any of your new files might get locked. Also, remember that you should back up all new data you deem important so that you don’t end up in a similar situation where you are blackmailed for the access to your own files ever again.
Source: Howtoremove.guide’s Remove .Pumas Virus File Ransomware (+File Recovery)
Remove .Pumas Virus File Ransomware
Prior to starting to execute the steps from the guide, we advise you to either bookmark this page or open it on a separate device since throughout the process of completing the guide, you might need to exit your browser.
1: Using Safe Mode
Before beginning to troubleshoot the issue, you are advised to enter Safe Mode on your PC. If you do not know how to do that, use this guide on how to enter Safe Mode.
2: Spotting the process
Open your Task Manager using the Ctrl + Shift + Esc key combination. Next, go to the processes tab and carefully look through the list for any shady entries. Usually, malicious processes will be consuming large amounts of CPU and RAM and will either have no description or will have a suspicious-looking one.
Once you identify the virus’ process, right-click on it and select Open File Location. Delete everything in the folder that opens if you are sure that the process was malicious. If you are not sure, contact us in the comments.
Go back to the Task Manager and end the potentially harmful process.
3: Hosts file IP’s
Go to your start menu and in the search field, paste the following address: notepad %windir%/system32/Drivers/etc/hosts. Select the first result and look at the bottom of the newly opened notepad file. See if there are any IP’s below “Localhost” and tell us in the comments if there were any IP addresses.
4: System Configuration Startup Programs
Type System Configuration in the Windows search bar and open the first result. Go to the Startup tab and take a look at the list of startup programs (on Windows 10, the Startup programs can be seen in the Startup Section of the Task Manager). If any of them look shady or have unknown manufacturer or a manufacturer with a sketchy name, uncheck those entries and click on OK.
Open the Run window (WinKey + R), type regedit and press Enter. Once the Registry Editor opens, press Ctrl + F and type the name of the virus. Select Find Next and delete whatever gets found that has the virus’ name. Do that with all search results.
6: Deleting potential virus files
Open the Start Menu and separately type each of the following locations: %AppData% %LocalAppData% %ProgramData% %WinDir% %Temp% . Open each of those folders and sort their contents by date. Delete the most recent files and folders. When you open the Temp folder, delete everything in it.