Defray Ransomware is the name of a very destructive Ransomware infection that is one of the most dangerous online threats available nowadays. It has already affected many machines worldwide and has caused issues to many users. This computer threat usually spreads as a malicious document, attached to a spam email, a well camouflaged Trojan horse, a fake ad, misleading link, a compromised installer, a torrent or some other legitimate looking transmitter. In most of the cases, the Ransomware tricks its victims into clicking on the harmful payload by provoking their interest and curiosity with something eye-catching, seemingly harmless or useful. If the user clicks on it, they immediately activate the malicious code, which starts encrypting the files, found on the infected computer.
Defray Ransomware Ransomware runs processes that scan your system for personal files including audio, video, photos, documents, and others and locks them using a combination of complex encryption algorithms. It is possible also that the virus can access and encrypt data that is stored on external devices, which are currently plugged into your computer. Once the encryption process is complete, the Ransomware renames the affected files – it adds a different file extension to their names so that they become unrecognizable by the system. After that, it places a ransom notification and wants you to pay a ransom to restore them. The cyber criminals ask a certain amount of money in Bitcoins in exchange for a customized decryption key that is supposed to decrypt your locked files. This is a nasty form of blackmail and you should definitely not submit to the hackers’ demands. In the next lines, we have prepared some instructions, which may help you remove Defray Ransomware and save some of your data, so please don’t rush with any ransom payment before you have tried the alternatives we will show you below.
What to do if your computer is attacked by Defray Ransomware?
Speaking of Ransomware, it is always better to protect yourself before you are attacked. Regardless of how careful you are as a computer user, you can still be cheated by the cyber criminals and get infected, so we recommend you regularly make copies of your data and store them on an external hard drive in order to prevent major data loss in a case of a Ransomware encryption. Unfortunately, Defray Ransomware is a dangerous virus that can lock your personal files forever. You should not think that in the case of this Ransomware’s attack, your computer can recover your files from snapshots of shadow copies because in most of the cases the harmful virus may delete them. Therefore, the only 100% recovery method for your files is to import them on external media. If you have such backups, this is the best way to get all of your files back without paying a penny to the hackers. However, before doing so, the Defray Ransomware virus must be completely eliminated from the computer because, as we said earlier, it may also encrypt files that are stored on external media that are plugged into the infected computer.
If you do not have copies of your files, be it on a cloud or on external media, you basically have three options:
- You can try using the instructions in the guide below or similar file-restoration guidelines.
- You can contact a professional for assistance or wait for someone to create a decryption tool for Defray Ransomware virus (but bear in mind that this may take some time);
- The last option is to pay the ransom that the crooks want, but we do NOT recommend you to do so. There is NO guarantee that the cyber criminals will provide you with a decryption key. Also, think about whether you really want to support this type of cyber crime by sponsoring the hackers with your money?
Instructions for removing Defray Ransomware
Before you try to remove Defray Ransomware, please read the information provided in the removal guide. First of all, keep in mind that this virus is extremely dangerous and well-designed and is programmed to distribute its malicious components throughout your entire computer. It is very important to delete all files, belonging to the malicious software. Otherwise, remnants of it can make your computer vulnerable to other threats or even download them. Please select the manual virus removal method only if you have advanced computer skills. In all other cases, we highly recommend using the auto-removal option.
Defray Ransomware Removal
Prior to starting to execute the steps from the guide, we advise you to either bookmark this page or open it on a separate device since throughout the process of completing the guide, you might need to exit your browser.
1: Using Safe Mode
Before beginning to troubleshoot the issue, you are advised to enter Safe Mode on your PC. If you do not know how to do that, use this guide on how to enter Safe Mode.
2: Spotting the process
Open your Task Manager using the Ctrl + Shift + Esc key combination. Next, go to the processes tab and carefully look through the list for any shady entries. Usually, malicious processes will be consuming large amounts of CPU and RAM and will either have no description or will have a suspicious-looking one.
Once you identify the virus’ process, right-click on it and select Open File Location. Delete everything in the folder that opens if you are sure that the process was malicious. If you are not sure, contact us in the comments.
Go back to the Task Manager and end the potentially harmful process.
3: Hosts file IP’s
Go to your start menu and in the search field, paste the following address: notepad %windir%/system32/Drivers/etc/hosts. Select the first result and look at the bottom of the newly opened notepad file. See if there are any IP’s below “Localhost” and tell us in the comments if there were any IP addresses.
4: System Configuration Startup Programs
Type System Configuration in the Windows search bar and open the first result. Go to the Startup tab and take a look at the list of startup programs (on Windows 10, the Startup programs can be seen in the Startup Section of the Task Manager). If any of them look shady or have unknown manufacturer or a manufacturer with a sketchy name, uncheck those entries and click on OK.
Open the Run window (WinKey + R), type regedit and press Enter. Once the Registry Editor opens, press Ctrl + F and type the name of the virus. Select Find Next and delete whatever gets found that has the virus’ name. Do that with all search results.
6: Deleting potential virus files
Open the Start Menu and separately type each of the following locations: %AppData% %LocalAppData% %ProgramData% %WinDir% %Temp% . Open each of those folders and sort their contents by date. Delete the most recent files and folders. When you open the Temp folder, delete everything in it.